New heart failure agent safe and tolerated in clinical practice
Dr Senni, who is head of the Cardiology, Heart Failure and Heart Transplant Unit, Azienda Ospedaliera Papa Giovanni XXIII, Bergamo, Italy, and national leader of PARADIGM-HF, said: “The PARADIGM-HF trial demonstrated the superiority of the ARNI over the ACE inhibitor enalapril in reducing the risk of cardiovascular mortality and heart failure hospitalisation. Moreover it prevented clinical progression in patients with HFrEF. The TITRATION study was designed to evaluate the practical application of LCZ696 in the clinic.”
TITRATION was a randomised, double blind study that assessed the safety and tolerability of initiating and up-titrating LCZ696 from 50mg BID to a target dose of 200mg BID in a 3-week (condensed) versus 6-week (conservative) regimen in patients with HFrEF (ejection fraction ≤35%). The study enrolled a broader range of patients than the PARADIGM-HF trial, including inpatients and patients naïve to ACE inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs).
The study was conducted in two phases. The first was an open label run in period in which LCZ696 was tested for tolerability and safety at a dosage of 50 mg BID for 5 days. Patients were then randomised 1:1 to LCZ696 in a conservative up-titration over 6 weeks versus a condensed up-titration over 3 weeks. In both groups the target dose was 200 mg BID.
Primary endpoints were the proportion of patients experiencing pre-specified adverse events (symptomatic hypotension, hyperkalaemia, renal dysfunction, angioedema) and laboratory outcomes including systolic blood pressure <95 mmHg and a doubling of serum creatinine from baseline. Secondary endpoints included the number of patients achieving the target dose without any down-titration or interruption over 12 weeks (defined as treatment success).
Of the 540 patients enrolled in the run in, 498 (92%) were randomised and of those, 429 (86%) completed the study. There were no differences in the primary endpoints between groups. After excluding patients who discontinued LCZ696 because of non-adverse events or death, treatment success was achieved in 78% and 84% of patients in the condensed and conservative regimens, respectively (p=0.07).
Dr Senni said: “At least 76% of randomised patients achieved and maintained the target dose of LCZ696 200mg BID, regardless of the up-titration regimen. The target dose was also achieved for at least 2 weeks leading to study completion in 80% of patients including those requiring a temporary down-titration or dose interruption during the study. Commonly reported adverse events in the TITRATION study were in line with the LCZ696 group in the PARADIGM-HF trial, confirming those findings in real life.”
He added: “This study provides complementary data beyond PARADIGM-HF to support the use of LCZ696 in clinical practice in a broader range of patients such as inpatients and patients naïve to ACE inhibitors and ARBs, which largely mimics the real life situation. Both regimens reached a very high rate of treatment success and tolerability.”
Press release ESC May 23, 2015