From CANTOS to COLCOT to COPS to LoDoCo2: What are the lessons from these trials with anti-inflammatory treatment, in particular those with colchicine, in patients with residual inflammatory risk?
A subanalysis of COLCOT showed that initiation of colchicine within the first 3 days after MI significantly reduced the risk of an ischemic CV event compared to patients on placebo.
This position paper discusses the cause and consequences of endothelial injury and dysfunction in COVID-19.
This viewpoint article in JAMA reviews the latest findings on the risk of heart failure, particularly HFpEF, in those who developed acute COVID-19 and those who have recovered from the illness.
An analysis of the CANTOS trial showed that IL-1β inhibition with canakinumab reduced total number of serious CV events compared to placebo in patients with prior MI and subclinical inflammation.
Investigators of the LoDoCo2 trial present the design and the major findings of this trial which evaluated colchicine in patients with chronic coronary disease.
Elevated Lp(a) levels were associated with greater risk of MACE in optimally treated patients with high-risk vascular disease when hsCRP levels ≥2 mg/L, but not in those with hsCRP levels <2 mg/L.
Elevated Lp(a) contributes to pro-inflammatory gene expression of monocytes in both healthy subjects and CVD patients. Potent Lp(a)-lowering reduced the pro-inflammatory state of circulating monocytes.
Relationships between inflammation, LDL-c and CV risk have not much changed compared to findings from two decades ago. Those with highest levels of IL-6 or hsCRP and highest levels of LDL-c have highest risk of MACE.
Inclisiran, an siRNA against PCSK9, did not result in adverse effects on measures of inflammation, immune activation and platelets. No clinical immunogenicity AEs were observed.
In an analysis of two large U.S. cohorts, higher olive oil intake was associated with lower risk of major CVD and CHD risk compared to those consuming olive oil <1 per month.
This viewpoint article draws attention towards acute and possible long-term implications of coronavirus infections, such as COVID-19, on the cardiovascular system.