Physicians' Academy for Cardiovascular Education

Increase of physical activity over time associated with lower HF risk

Six-Year Changes in Physical Activity and the Risk of Incident Heart Failure: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study

Literature - Florido R, Kwak L, Lazo M, et al. - Circulation 2018; published online ahead of print

Main results


In a community-based population without baseline CVD, increasing PA over 6 years was associated with reduced HF risk over the next two decades, while decreasing activity over time was associated with greater HF risk. The lowest HF risk was seen among those with persistently recommended PA, but increasing from poor to recommended activity levels over 6 years was associated with a significantly decreased HF risk. These findings suggest that initiating and augmenting PA in middle age may be helpful for HF prevention.


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