Physicians' Academy for Cardiovascular Education

GLP-1 receptor agonists reduce CV and all-cause mortality

Cardiovascular outcomes with glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists in patients with type 2 diabetes: a meta-analysis

Literature - Bethel MA, Patel RA, Merrill P, et al. - Lancet Diab Endocrinol 2018;6:105–13

Introduction and methods

Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists are effective glucose-lowering treatments for type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Findings in CV outcome trials demonstrated CV safety, but results for CV efficacy varied [1].

In this systematic review and meta-analysis, the CV efficacy and safety of GLP-1 receptor agonists were evaluated in the CV outcomes trials ELIXA (lixisenatide), LEADER (liraglutide), SUSTAIN (semaglutide), and EXSCEL (extended-release exenatide) [2-5]. These trials assessed the safety and efficacy of GLP-1 receptor agonists compared with placebo in 33,457 adult patients with T2DM aged ≥18 years.

The primary efficacy outcome for this meta-analysis was the effect of GLP-1 receptor agonists on the incidence of three-point MACE, including CV mortality, non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI), and non-fatal stroke, compared with placebo. The safety outcomes of interest were severe hypoglycemia, acute pancreatitis, pancreatic cancer, and medullary thyroid cancer.

Main results

Conclusion

A meta-analysis of available CV outcome studies with GLP-1 receptor agonists shows that they reduce MACE without significant safety concerns.

References

Show references

Find this article online at Lancet Diab Endocrinol