Physicians' Academy for Cardiovascular Education

GLP-1 receptor agonist is effective and safe in elderly type 2 diabetic patients

Semaglutide as a therapeutic option for elderly patients with type 2 diabetes: pooled analysis of the SUSTAIN 1–5 trials

Literature - Warren M, Chaykin L, Trachtenbarg D, et al. - Diabetes Obes Metab 2018; published online ahead of print

Introduction and methods

Elderly patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) are at increased risk of hypoglycemia [1]. Semaglutide, a human GLP-1 analogue, reduces HbA1c and body weight (BW), either as monotherapy once weekly, or combined with other antidiabetic treatments, and is well tolerated in general [2-6].

In this pooled analysis of the SUSTAIN studies, the efficacy and safety of semaglutide was evaluated in elderly (≥65 years) vs non-elderly (<65 years) T2DM patients. In SUSTAIN 1-5, 3045 patients with T2DM were randomized to once-weekly subcutaneous semaglutide (0.5 mg or 1.0 mg) or comparators (placebo, sitagliptin, exenatide or insulin).

Main results

Conclusion

Semaglutide consistently improved HbA1c and BW vs comparators, in elderly (≥65 years) and non-elderly patients with T2DM, and was well tolerated, suggesting that semaglutide may be an effective treatment option for elderly T2DM patients.

References

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Find this article online at Diabetes Obes Metab