Physicians' Academy for Cardiovascular Education

NOAC reduces total adverse limb and CV events in PAD patients undergoing revascularization

News - May 17, 2021

Reductions in Total Ischemic Events with Rivaroxaban in Patients with Symptomatic Pad after Revascularization: The VOYAGER PAD Trial

Presented at ACC.21 by Prof. Rupert Bauersachs, MD (Darmstadt, Germany)

Introduction and methods

Patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) undergoing peripheral revascularization are at high risk of major adverse limb events (MALE) and vascular events. The results from VOYAGER PAD were presented last year at ACC.20 and demonstrated that rivaroxaban 2.5 mg twice daily with aspirin versus aspirin alone reduced first events by 15% in patients with PAD undergoing peripheral revascularization (HR 0.85, 95%CI 0.76-0.96, P=0.0085). The results on the effect of rivaroxaban on total (first and potentially subsequent) events in VOYAGER PAD were presented this year at ACC.21.

VOYAGER PAD was a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in 6564 patients with symptomatic lower extremity PAD undergoing peripheral revascularization. Patients were randomized 1:1 to receive rivaroxaban 2.5 mg twice daily or placebo on a background of aspirin 100 mg daily. The primary endpoint was time to first acute limb ischemia, major amputation of a vascular cause, MI, ischemic stroke, or CV death. The objective of the current prespecified analysis was to investigate the number of first and total events in PAD patients undergoing peripheral revascularization, and to evaluate the efficacy of rivaroxaban on first and total events. Another prespecified endpoint was total (first and subsequent) vascular events, including recurrent primary endpoint events as well as other vascular events. Median follow up was 28 months.

Main results


Rivaroxaban 2.5 mg twice daily with aspirin versus aspirin alone reduced first and subsequent adverse limb and CV events. Prof. Bauersachs said that rivaroxaban 2.5 mg twice daily with aspirin should be considered as adjunctive therapy after lower extremity revascularization to reduce first and subsequent adverse outcomes.

-Our coverage of ACC.21 is based on the information provided during the congress –

The results from this study were simultaneously published in J Am Coll Cardiol.

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